Jerrell C. CASSADY, Ayoub MOHAMMED, Lauren MATHIEU : Cross-Cultural Differences in Test Perceptions, Women in Kuwait and the United States

By Jerrell C. Cassady,Ball State University ; Ayoub Mohammed, Ball State University and Lauren Mathieu, Ball State University.

Published in Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Vol. 35, No. 6, 713-718 (2004) DOI : 10.1177/0022022104270113

This study examines differential levels of test anxiety, perceived test threat, and performance for females in Kuwait and the United States. The results demonstrated that Kuwaiti females reported higher levels of affective test anxiety, whereas females from the United States characterized tests as more threatening. These differences arose in conjunction with self-reported deficiencies in study skills. The interpretation of results points to cultural variations in views of education as competitive and attributional orientations for test performance.

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